Overview of Genitourinary Disorders
What does genitourinary mean?Genitourinary is a word that refers to the urinary and genital organs.
Urology is the branch of medicine concerned with the urinary tract in both genders and the genital tract of the reproductive system in males.
Nephrology is the branch of medicine concerned with the kidney.
What is the urinary tract?The urinary tract includes the organ system primarily responsible for cleaning and filtering excess fluid and waste material from the blood. The urinary system is comprised of the following:
What causes problems in the urinary system?In children, problems of the urinary system include acute and chronic kidney failure, urinary tract infections, obstructions along the urinary tract, and abnormalities present at birth.
Diseases of the kidneys often produce temporary or permanent changes to the small functional structures and vessels inside the kidney. Frequent urinary tract infections can cause scarring to these structures leading to renal (kidney) failure. Some diseases that cause kidney damage include:
- hemolytic uremic syndrome
- polycystic kidney disease
- urinary tract infections
- posterior urethral valves
- ureterocele or ureteral duplication
- vesicoureteral reflux
- neurogenic bladder
- undescended testes or cryptorchidism
- inguinal hernia
- testicular torsion
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